The Art of Ancient Egypt



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Palette of King Narmer

This palette was made during the Early Kingdom, around 3000-2920 B.C.E. This palette shows King Narmer unifying Upper and Lower Egypt. This palette also has regestiers that divide the palette. The left palette has two regesters and the left has three regester. The composit view is also used to show as much human anatomy as possible, so the legs are made profile and the body is frontal and the head is made profile, and the eye are frontal. This palette was used for holdine eye makeup.
(Tori Fischer)
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Stepped Pyramid
This pyramid is the first type of pyramid , built around ca. 2630-2611 B.C.E in the III Dynasty, Old Kingdom. Built by Imhotep who was also the first Architect. It was built for king Djoser of the 3rd dynasty, this structure began as a large mustaba. It is a tomb that is 200 feet high and it resembles ziggurats of mesopotamia.
(Yu Ha)

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Menkaure and Khamerernebty (Old Kingdom, 1st Dynasty)
This sculpture, from the Fourth Dynasty, features body language that shows marital status, such as the woman's arm around the pharaoh. It is emotionless and rigid. It features the pharonic pose, which is the pose of the pharaoh. The pharoah's left foot is forward, with clenched fists, and an emotionless face. The pose suggests the timeless nature of the eternal substitute homes for the ka.
(Erin Golotko)

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Seated Scribe

The "Seated Scribe" is an ancient Egyptian painted statuary from the Old Kingdom. A scribe sits criss-crossed and alert. Because of his social class, the sculptor used realism in portraying the scribes image. This is seen through the bulging stomach, untoned muscles, and aged look of the man. When the pharaoh died, his people were killed with him. Therefore, this statue was used as a body for the scribe's spirit (ka) in the afterlife. It is currently located in the Louvre in Paris, France.
(Jessica Rances)


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Great Pyramids of Egypt

c.2551-2472 BC

The Great Pyramids of Egypt, located in Giza, were built to glorify three Fourth Dynasty rulers, Khafre, Khufu, and Menkaure. The pyramids, made of 2.3 million limestone blocks, were built over seventy-five year across thirteen acres. The four sides were oriented to the cardinal points on the compass and were built facing the rising sun in the east, which symbolized a "stairway to heaven". The pyramids were tombs that honored the wealth and power of the pharoahs and most importantly, ensured a better afterlife for them. The monumental burial places represented the pharoahs "palace" in the afterlife and his family, possesions, and workers would be buried along with him. (Emily Rice)

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Great Sphinx

The "Great Sphinx" in an Ancient Egyptian architectural piece from the Old Kingdom.It is located in front of the Pyramids of Giza. The purpose of this was to portray the pharaoh Khafre or Khufu. It combines the form of the human head with the body of a lion. The human head represents intellegence and the body of the lion represents strength and authority. It is the largest statue in the ancient Near East.
(Marcela Algave)
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Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV)

This is a sculpture of Akhenaten, the Pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty in Egypt. He is mainly known for his change in how Human Form was depicted in sculpture and art, and for changing Polytheistic Egypt into a Monotheistic Egypt. He is shown in this sculpture with a very long and narrow face and scrawny arms. This shows how he changed depiction of Human Form from Idealistic to Realistic. He was the Pharaoh during the time of the "Amarna Period." After his death, his son Tutankhamun, took rein of the throne. He changed what was the Amarna Period back into how it was previously, creating the Post Amarna Period.
(Wieber)


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Hatshepsut's Temple

This temple which was possibly created by Senmut was carved from the rock around 1473-1458 BCE during the New Kingdom period. It was built to honor the female pharoah Hatshepsut and serve as a mortuary temple.The long horizontals and verticles of the colonnades and their rhythm of light and dark repeat the pattern of the limestone cliffs above.
(Erin Ginn)

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Mask of Agamemnon



This gold sculpture was made around 1580-1550 BCE. It is Mycenaean. It was found over the face of a body in a burial shaft. The mask is a three dimensional relief sculpture. There is not a lot known about who made the piece, other than it was used to bury the legendary Greek leader, Agamemnon.
(Ciana Miller)


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Senmut with the princess nefrua
Popular during the Middle and New Kingdoms, block statues were centered around the idea that the ka (spirit) could find an eternal home within the cubic stone image. The carved stone gave way to writing, and the image focuses on the two heads protruding from the block. This particular piece of art depicts Senmut so close to the princess raised his stature within the hierarchy. (1470-1460 BCE)
Connor McCutcheon





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Tutankhamen's Mask

The death mask of the ancient pharaoh, King Tutankhamen, is made of gold and colored glass and stone. The ancient Egyptians were obsessed with the concept of life after death, and they made this mask for Tutankhamen in hopes that the spirit would be able to recognize the body.
(Ciana Miller)

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Temple of Ramsus II

Ramsus was Egypt's last great warrior pharaoh and is the person on the columns. This was made in the Middle Kingdom around 1290- 1224 B.C.E. This is a rock cut tomb which means it was carved out of the mountain. The figures are a type of caryatid, except that is the name for a woman pillar. The male columnor sculptures are called atlantids. The second sculpture over is broken because they were not originally carved right there. They had to be moved and in the process, it broke. This piece was used as propaganda to glorify the ruler.
(Allie Bailey)

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Hypostyle Hall, Temple of Amen-Re

(1290-1224 B.C.E.)
The temple of Amen-Re was built between 1290-1224 B.C.E. during the New Kingdom of Egypt. This building was built using the post and lintel architecture style and It's massive columns had huge sunken relief sculptures covering them. The sunken reliefs showed the Egyptian Gods and Ramses II. This building was used as a courthouse and took advantage of a clerestory to provide light throughout the building.
(Davis Phillips)


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Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and His Three Daughters

This sunken relief of Akhenaton and his family dates back to 1353-1335 BCE. The unusual intimacy of the scene broke away from the rigid and emotionless figures of earlier Egyptian art. Aton, the new god introduced by Akhenaton, shines down on the family. The distorted figures of Akhenaton and his daughters provide and edge of realism seen only during the Amarna Period. Made out of limestone, this stands at twelve and a quarter feet high in the Agyptisches Museum of Berlin.
(Zac Mulford)


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Mentuemhet

Mentuemhet was sculpeted in 650 BCE, out of granite. The sculpture of Mentuemhet was approiximately 4' 5" high. It is currently located in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. He was sculpted in the basic pharaonic pose. To describe the pharaonic pose it basically consist of these elements: Left foot forward, clinched fist with the thumbs up, and they show no emotion.(Tylan Dodd 4th period)